Israel’s president: Stop judicial reforms for now

Israel’s president: Stop judicial reforms for now

JERUSALEM: Israeli President Isaac Herzog on Monday called for an immediate halt to the government’s controversial judicial reforms, a day after Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu sacked his defense chief for similar demands.

Herzog, who holds a largely ceremonial post, made the call following spontaneous demonstrations in the coastal city of Tel Aviv overnight in response to the minister’s dismissal.

“For the sake of the unity of the people of Israel, for the sake of the necessary responsibility, I call on you to halt the legislative process immediately,” Herzog said in a statement.

The plan to hand more control to politicians and diminish the role of the Supreme Court has ignited months of protests and been questioned by Israel’s top allies, including the United States, which voiced concern on Sunday.

Netanyahu’s hard-right government argues that the changes are needed to rebalance powers between lawmakers and the judiciary.

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Yoav Gallant, the former defense minister and staunch Netanyahu ally, earlier broke ranks and called for a halt to the reforms, before lawmakers vote this week on a central part of the proposals, which would change the way judges are appointed.

“The growing social rift has made its way into the [army] and security agencies,” said Gallant, a member of Netanyahu’s right-wing Likud party. “It is a clear, immediate and tangible threat to Israel’s security.”

“I am committed to Likud values… and placing the State of Israel above all… but major changes on the national level must be made through deliberations and dialogue,” he added, calling for a halt to the protests.

‘Deep worry’

On Sunday, moments after Netanyahu sacked Gallant, demonstrators seized a central highway cutting through Tel Aviv, blocking traffic and burning tires.

Some threw metal barricades at mounted officers while police deployed water cannons.

The large crowd waved national flags, blew airhorns and chanted in Hebrew: “Israel is not a dictatorship” and “No to a fascist government!”

“Last night we witnessed very difficult scenes,” Herzog said.

“The entire nation is rapt with deep worry,” he added, in an appeal to the government. “Our security, economy, society — all are under threat.”

After months of rallies against the reform, including a weekend demonstration that brought out an estimated 200,000 people in Tel Aviv, protesters in the city said it felt like “a sort of climax.”

In Jerusalem, demonstrators gathered on Sunday outside the premier’s residence, while other rallies took place in the northern city of Haifa and Beer Sheva in the south.

Protesters have announced a “national paralysis week,” including protests outside ministers’ homes and parliament.

The United States said it was “deeply concerned” and called on Israeli leaders to reach a compromise.

The White House noted that President Joe Biden recently told Netanyahu that “democratic values have always been, and must remain, a hallmark of the US-Israel relationship.”

Gallant, a former general, was named to his post last December as part of Netanyahu’s coalition with extreme-right and ultra-Orthodox allies.

Two other Likud lawmakers have voiced support for Gallant, raising questions over whether the government could count on a majority if it pushes ahead with a vote.

‘Dangerous decision’

Adding to the political uncertainty, Asaf Zamir, Israel’s consul general in New York, tendered his resignation on Sunday over Netanyahu’s “dangerous decision.”

Opposition leader Yair Lapid said that while the prime minister had sacked Gallant, “he cannot fire reality and cannot fire the people of Israel who are standing up to the insanity of the coalition.”

“The Prime Minister of Israel is a danger to the security of the State of Israel,” he added.

A parliamentary committee has amended the draft law to make it more acceptable to opponents, but the opposition has ruled out backing any part of the reform package until all legislative steps are halted.

In a televised address last week, Netanyahu vowed to “responsibly advance” the reforms and “end the rift” they have caused.

In response, Attorney General Gali Baharav-Miara on Friday accused Netanyahu of “illegal” public intervention on the process of adopting the judicial reforms.

Netanyahu is on trial over charges of bribery, fraud and breach of trust, which he denies.

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